Surgery risks for obese patients
By Eren Cooper, The Surgi Centre
Complications During Surgery
Complications After Surgery
Studies show that obese people risk a myriad of post-operative complications. According to a four year long study by the University of Michigan on more than 6,000 patients, obese patients had much higher rates of complications after surgery than non-obese patients such as:
- Five times higher rate of heart attack
- Four times higher rate of peripheral nerve injury
- 1.7 times higher rate of wound infection
- 1.5 times higher rate of urinary tract infection
The study also found that the mortality rate was nearly twice as high among morbidly obese patients versus non-obese patients. Postoperative recovery times are also prolonged due to reduced blood ﬂow in fat tissue. (WebMD) .
Because of the increased risk of complications during and after surgery to obese patients, it is important that any preexisting health conditions, (hypertension, high cholesterol, GERD, diabetes, sleep apnea etc), be carefully managed by doctors before undergoing procedures. The obese patient should also be suﬃciently educated about the risks involved and steps should be taken to become as healthy as possible before surgery.
Article Sources: Severe obesity increases risks of health problems during surgery sciencedaily.com ; Obese patients create big problems for surgeons orlandosentinel.com ; Surgery decreases longterm mortality, morbidity, and health care use in morbidly obese patients www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov ; Surgery risks higher for obese webmd.com ; Gynecologic Surgery in the obese woman www.acog.org ; How does obesity affect the procedure of surgery? www.reddit.com ; Obesity and overweight www.who.int .