Different Strokes for Different Folks
There are three main types of strokes:
Ischemic stroke occurs as a result of an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain. It accounts for 87% of all stroke cases.
Hemorrhagic stroke A hemorrhagic stroke is when either a brain aneurysm bursts or a weakened blood vessel leaks. Blood spills into or around the brain and creates swelling and pressure, damaging cells and tissue in the brain. There are two types of hemorrhagic strokes called intracerebal and subarachnoid.TIA(transient ischemic attack) is caused by a temporary clot. Often called a “mini stroke”, these warning strokes should be taken very seriously.
Some people falsely believe that strokes only occur in older adults. The truth is, strokes can occur at any age with about 10-12% of stroke patients being under the age of 45. Even children can experience strokes; in fact 1 in 7 strokes occur in adolescents and young adults, with children being most likely to experience ischemic strokes.
Strokes are for the most part preventable. It is estimated that over 80% of strokes can actually be prevented by identifying and eliminating risk factors. There are certain risks factors such as gender, age, family history and ethnicity which are not preventable however. For instance, the rate of stroke in black women is almost twice that of white women and black women also have a higher risk of dying from a stroke than white women. This unfortunate statistic is due to the higher rates of diabetes, heart disease, sickle-cell anemia and obesity among black women. Making lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, losing weight, eating healthier, staying active and controlling blood pressure can greatly decrease stroke risk.
The most effective way to help someone who is suffering from a stroke is by using the acronym FAST.
F—Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A—Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S—Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is his or her speech slurred or strange?
T—Time: If you observe any of these signs, call for help immediately. (CDC.gov)
Stroke victims who receive help within three hours stand the best chance of full recovery.
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